Investing in workplace safety training is money well spent. Employers with efficient safety and health training programs benefit from fewer better employee morale, lower insurance premiums, and workplace injuries and claims. Following are the ten important steps recommended by OSHA for the implementation and development of an effective safety training program.
Figure Out What Safety Training is Required
Employers must first ask themselves if training can actually solve the issue at hand. If problems arise from employee performance, as opposed to the workplace environment itself, training is the most useful way to treat the problem. If problems are arising from employee attitude or motivation, training is not that much effective at solving these issues.
When assessing employee performance issues, it is essential to assess the sort of issue to figure out the right approach. Training programs are most useful at addressing an employee’s knowledge gap regarding correct procedures or equipment usage.
Evaluate Workplace Risks and Hazards
Next, this is important to get an accurate assessment of daily hazards specific to the workplace. Besides getting a professional assessment, management also needs to release a company-wide survey to let employees the opportunity to convey risk concerns anonymously. It’s essential to get employees’ feedback as well.
Create a Written Protocols for Employees
Once you’ve properly evaluated all workplace issues, you can start writing the guidelines for your safety program. Having all these requirements in writing is vital since it highly minimizes opportunities for misinterpretation and ambivalence.
Determine Workplace Safety Training Requirements
Now it’s time to precisely figure out the particular training needed to handle the lack of knowledge. This process consists of finding out the particular information that an employee should know to carry out the job safely.
A proven approach for identifying the depth of training needed is to conduct a Job Hazard Analysis. This process is really effective because it documents every single step of a task while identifying and analyzing probable safety hazards along the way. The company can translate high risk actions into a prioritized training approach by taking the time to evaluate the process.
Identify Safety Training Goals
As soon as the training requirements have been properly identified, it is essential that learning objectives and goals are set. Useful learning objectives must be apparent and measurable, which makes it possible to evaluate the training at a later date. Training objectives should clearly spell out the required behavior or skill using certain, action-oriented language. Comprehensive learning objectives let employers and employees to understand the expected result of the training.
Improve Workplace Safety Learning Activities
As soon as the learning goals and objectives are precisely identified, learning activities that fulfil those goals must be developed and implemented. Employers must look into the methods, resources, and materials will be required to most efficiently convey the message. The sort of training chosen (one-to-one, group etc.) needs to be selected keeping the audience and particular skill set in mind.
Focus on Employee Education
After you’ve developed your company’s workplace safety guidelines, it’s the right time to get your employees on board. Employee training is always conducted when the employee is first hired, however a good rule of thumb is to train your employees on any new changes in procedure — after a staff transfer, upon getting new equipment, and upon observing new issues. In addition to that, a sporadic refresher assist employees keep up-to-date on the newest procedures.
Perform Safety Training
Now that the above mentioned steps have been accomplished, training needs to be scheduled and conducted. Training should be demonstrated in a definite and organized fashion. To increase learning, let the trainees know about a training overview. Make sure that the training relates to the staff’s experience. Then follow-up by reinforcing the lessons learned. To keep employees involved and encouraged in learning, allow trainees to participate and practice their newly developed skills along the way. Involvement in discussion and hands-on practice motivates new information to be retained, and real life case studies and examples to be integrated into the discussion.
Evaluate the Effectiveness of Workplace Safety Training Program
Once the training is conducted, it is important to evaluate its effectiveness in achieving identified goals and objectives. There are three effective ways to perform an evaluation:
- At first, ask the trainees for feedback. This can be conducted via questionnaire or informal discussions. This will help to get an instant review of initial value and learning outcomes.
- Follow-up with supervisors and their findings about employee behavior before and after the training. This reveals whether the training had an obvious outcome.
- Assess workplace data effectively to analyze if long term there is a trend toward minimized incident or near miss rates. This will be the bottom-line signal of a training program’s success rate.
Develop the Safety Training Program
Based on the feedback received from the training program, search for effective ways to develop upcoming training sessions. A vital re-examination of each step of a job and in training will identify what lacks existed in the training program.
Developing a useful workplace training program needs proper planning and care but will reward your employees and company with a productive and safe workplace.